In the US, your credit history can open doors to financial opportunities, from monthly phone service to the ability to purchase a dream home. But many new residents arrive with little or no credit history or score that’s recognized by US lenders, and that can cause headaches. Looking to lease an apartment or a car? Want to get cable TV or internet service at home? Chances are the provider will run a credit check, so it’s crucial to start building credit now. One way to do this is to open a credit card issued in the United States when you first arrive.
The moment you get your new card, you’ll establish a credit profile and start building a credit score with the three credit reporting agencies: Experian, Transunion, and Equifax. Your credit score can range from 300 to 850, based on things like credit card use, payment history, and length of time you’ve been using credit. It may vary slightly between agencies, but with responsible use of a new credit card, you should see your score improve.
At Bank of the West, we make it easier for newcomers to receive a credit card—even if you don’t have a US credit history. Unlike many other banks, Bank of the West does not require a US credit score to apply for home financing or auto loans. It’s always good to have multiple options when you’re looking at major financial decisions, so the quicker you build credit, the more choices you’ll have in the future.
Here are some tips that can help build credit. The choices you make should be based on your personal situation and financial goals:
- Get a US Social Security number
- Work with a newcomer-friendly bank
- Open a checking and savings account
- Open a credit card
- Obtain a car loan
- Take out a credit-builder loan
On the road to building credit, you’ll inevitably face questions: What should you lease, and what should you buy? What should you pay for in cash, and what should you finance with a loan?
Automobile: Short-Term Lease or Long-Haul Ownership
With a car, how you pay for it depends on how you’ll use it, and for how long. When making your decision, keep the following things in mind:
|PAYMENTS||Lower monthly payments, fixed fee||Pay less over the long term, build equity|
|REPAIRS||Fewer repairs expenses||After warranty, you’re responsible for all repairs|
|MILEAGE USE||Can drive a new car more often, but rules apply on mileage use and wear||No mileage limit use or restrictions, how you maintain it is up to you|
House or Apartment: Fixed Expenses vs. Equity Investment
With a home, depending on your situation, there are arguments both for buying and renting. Here are some things to consider as you make your decision:
|LENGTH OF STAY||Limited upfront investment, limited lease period for short-term residents||Potential longer-term appreciation value, the stability of ownership|
|COSTS||Fixed monthly payment, no maintenance costs, no build-up of equity||Upfront costs and ongoing maintenance, but the potential for property appreciation|
|TAX CONSIDERATIONS||While some states offer renter’s tax credits, most do not||Potential US mortgage interest deduction on federal taxes|
|UPFRONT COST||No down payment, but may require a 1-3 month security deposit||Up to 20 percent of purchase price, which is applied to your home equity|
Whether you rent or buy, you’ll find they have one thing in common: your credit score will play a key role in your success in your financial goals, on the best possible terms. Start building credit today to help ensure you have access to financial opportunities down the line.
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